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John Bell Croyden Centre
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27 YEARS
AT JOHN BELL & CROYDEN
50 - 54 WIGMORE STREET
LONDON
W1U 2AU

CALL US: 020 7224 4640

solutions@the-hair-clinic.co.uk

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Trichology

Transplant

Hair Transplantation

Hair Transplantation before and after example
Hair Transplantation before and after example

There will be an initial consultation where the surgeon will analyze the patients scalp, discusses the patients expectations, and advises them as to whether they would need single or multiple sessions and what results might be expected.

It is advised that, for several days prior to surgery, the patient should refrain from using any medicines which might result in intraoperative bleeding and resultant poor take of the grafts, such as aspirin. Alcohol and smoking can also contribute to poor graft survival. After the procedure, antibiotics are commonly prescribed to prevent wound or graft infections.

Hair transplantation has become a minimally invasive surgical procedure that moves individual hair follicles from one part of the body that is called the donor site to a bald or balding part of the body that is known as the recipient site. This procedure is commonly used to treat male pattern baldness. The Hair Transplantation involves the taking of grafts that contain hair follicles that are genetically resistant to balding. The donor area is the rear or sides of the head and these grafts are then transplanted to the bald recipient part of the scalp. This amazing procedure can also used to restore eyelashes, eyebrows, beard hair, chest hair, pubic hair and to fill in scars that were caused by accidents or surgery such as face lifts and previous hair transplants. Transplantation differs from skin grafting in that the grafts contain almost all of the epidermis and dermis surrounding the hair follicle, and many tiny grafts are transplanted rather than a single strip of skin. Hair grows naturally on the human head in groupings of 1 to 4 hairs, the most advanced modern techniques harvest and transplant these naturally occurring 1–4 hair follicular units in their natural groupings. Therefore, modern hair transplantation can achieve a very natural appearance by copying nature itself. Donor hair can be harvested in two different ways.

1. FUT – Follicular Unit Transplantation

The Hair Transplant Procedure is carried out under a local anaesthetic, which once administered enables our experienced Hair Transplant Surgeon (who has performed over 8000 surgeries) to carry out the hair restoration technique in a completely PAINLESS way.

A narrow strip of hair bearing scalp is removed from the donor area (back and sides of the head). Using the very latest microscopic technology it is divided into the various size follicular units with the use of the Binocular Stereoscopic Dissecting Microscope.

The microscope gives the ultimate in follicular dissection eliminating the danger of damage to the individual hairs. Up to now, one expected that even in the most skilful hands 5% or so of the harvested hairs could be lost or damaged resulting in decreased density. One can now look forward to close on 100% survival rate.

The small area where the hair was taken from is simply closed with dissolving sutures and becomes hidden under the surrounding hair. This heals into a very fine line, which might only be seen in the unlikely event that you shaved your head.

The hair transplant surgeon with his highly experienced team of nurses can now transplant these hair-bearing grafts into areas of hair loss. With special instruments hundreds of tiny slits are made into the recipient area and one by one the individual follicular units are carefully placed following the direction of your natural hair growth. Single hairs can be inserted into the hairline giving a natural appearance hitherto thought impossible. Hair replacement via “Microscopic Follicular Hair Transplant Surgery” has never been better.

Once positioned each new hair enters a natural resting phase lasting approximately 12 – 16 weeks. After this a new growth cycle begins and the hair grows at the normal rate of about half and inch per month. This means that any change in appearance is both gradual and natural. Six to eight months later you will notice a distinct improvement in density. This hair will continue to grow for the rest of your life.

(No bandages or dressings are required and after a period of rest a final check is made on the grafts and you can leave in the knowledge that you have done something positive about your hair loss).

2. FUE – Follicular Unit Extraction

Follicular Unit Extraction, otherwise referred to as FUE Harvesting is when the hair transplant surgeon removes individual follicular units containing 1 to 4 hairs, under local anesthesia, from the donor area. This procedure often makes use of very small punches of between 0.6mm and 1.0mm in diameter. Each follicle is then inserted into a tiny recipient hole made by the surgeon using a special tool. Because individual follicles are removed, only small, puncture scars remain and any pain experienced after the surgery is minimized. As no suture removal is required, the recovery from Follicular Unit Extraction is well within 7 days. Some surgeons have commented that Follicular Unit Extraction can lead to a lower ratio of successfully transplanted follicles as compared to strip harvesting. Some have even suggested that should a patient need more than one transplant, it would be quite difficult to find a good strip to work with after a Follicular Unit Extraction.

The Hair Transplant Surgery is carried out in one of the newest, best equipped Hair Transplant Surgical Clinics in Europe. It has been designed with patient welfare and comfort as an absolute priority. It has two theatres, which have been equipped to the highest standard, inspiring a feeling of spaciousness, freedom and modernity.

Our surgeon has over 20 years experience in the Hair Transplant field. He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons and President of both the British Association of Hair Restoration Surgeons and the European Society of Hair Restoration Surgery. He is also a member of the International Society of Hair Restoration Surgeons and was one of the first surgeons outside the USA to be examined by and appointed a certified member of the American Board of Hair Restoration Surgery.

All our prospective transplant clients meet the surgeon for an assessment, ensuring they can make a sensible and informed decision as to whether a hair transplant is for them.

The Follicular Unit Extraction surgery

Hair transplant operations are generally carried out on an outpatient basis. As an option, the patient may request mild sedation prior to an injected local anesthesia, which usually lasts for around six hours. The scalp is shampooed and then treated with an antibacterial agent prior to the donor parts of the scalp being harvested.

In the usual follicular unit procedure, the hair transplant surgeon harvests a strip of skin from the posterior scalp, in an area that has good hair growth. The strip is about 1 – 1.5 x 15 – 30 cm in size. While the surgeon is closing the resulting wound, medical assistants start to dissect individual follicular unit grafts from the harvested strip. Working with binocular stereo microscopes, they carefully remove excess fibrous and fatty tissue while trying to avoid damage to the follicular cells that will be used for eventual grafting. The latest method of closure is called Trichophytic closure which results in much finer scars to the area where the units have been harvested from.

Follicular Unit Extraction harvesting does away with the need for large areas of scalp tissue to be harvested and can give very natural results with virtually no visible scarring. The surgeon will then use a very small micro blade or a fine needle to puncture the sites that will receive the grafts, placing them in a predetermined density and pattern. The surgeon can also angle the wounds in a consistent manner to promote a more realistic hair pattern. The technicians that assist the surgeon will generally do the final part of the procedure, inserting the individual hair grafts in place.

Care following the Follicular Unit Extraction procedure

Advances in wound care permit the use of a semi permeable dressing, that allows seepage of blood and tissue fluid. These can be applied and changed on a daily basis. The now tender recipient area must be protected from the harmful rays of the sun, but gentle shampooing can be started two days after the surgery. Shampooing is considered to be quite important in order to prevent scabs from occurring around the hair shaft. Scabs stick to the hair shaft and increase the risk of losing newly transplanted hair follicles during the first week or so after the Follicular Unit Extraction procedure.

It is expected that at some time during the first ten days, virtually all of the transplanted hairs will fall out, this is known as shock loss. After two or three months new hair will begin to grow from the moved follicles. The patients hair will then grow normally, and continue to thicken through the next six to nine months. Any subsequent hair loss is likely to be only from untreated areas. Some patients choose to use medications to slow or block this loss, while others opt for further transplant procedures as a way of tackling the issue.

Modern techniques for hair transplantation

There are several different techniques available to the surgeon for the harvesting of hair follicles, each technique has its own advantages and disadvantages. Regardless of which donor harvesting technique is employed, the correct and effective extraction of the hair follicle is paramount to ensure the viability of the transplanted hair and avoid transection, the cutting of the hair shaft from the hair follicle. Hair follicles grow at a slight angle to the skins surface, which means that regardless of technique, transplant tissue must be removed with a corresponding angle and not perpendicular to the surface.

There are two main ways in which donor grafts are extracted in surgical procedures today. There is the strip excision harvesting and follicular unit extraction.

Strip harvesting is the most commonly used technique for removing hair and follicles from a donor site, which is usually the area at the back and sides of the scalp. A surgical scalpel is used to remove strips of hair bearing tissue from the donor site. Each incision is planned so that hair follicles are removed intact, and once removed, the strip is dissected into follicular units, which are very small and naturally formed groups of hair follicles.

Follicular Unit Extraction can be conducted in a single session over several hours or by multiple sessions of shorter time duration. Follicular Unit Extraction is considered to be more time consuming, depending on the surgeons skill. The advantages of this technique over the conventional strip harvest are that it doesn't leave a linear scar, and the surgery produces little or no postoperative pain and discomfort. There are some disadvantages such as increased surgical times and higher cost to the patient.

Side effects

The "shock loss" hair thinning, is a very common side effect, but this is usually only temporary. Bald patches are also common, as fifty to a hundred hairs can be lost each day.

Other side effects can include some swelling of areas such as the scalp and forehead. If this becomes uncomfortable, anti inflammatory medication may ease the swelling and an over the counter pain killer may be taken to ease the discomfort. Sometime the scalp starts itching and scratching will make it feel and look worse as it will cause scabs to form on the scalp. A moisturizer or massage shampoo may be used in order to relieve the itching.

“The consultation, assessment with the Surgeon and all check-ups are FREE at The Hair Clinic”


Further Information

If you would like to know more or are interested in a quote we would be happy to help. Phone us on 020 7224 4640, email us at solutions@the-hair-clinic.co.uk or fill in our enquiry form and we will be in touch as soon as possible.